This favourable position is influenced by several factors, including the new open Argentine government, Brazil`s national export plan, the TPP negotiated between the major countries and Europe, which creates trade barriers for a possible free trade agreement with Mercosur. On April 12, 2017, Canada and MERCOSUR held a technical working meeting to reactivate discussions on a possible trade agreement between the two parties. On July 24, 2017, delegations from Canada and Mercosur held a technical meeting to discuss a possible trade agreement. In 2015, Brazil exported about $191 billion, with a gradual decrease of 14.1% compared to 2014. In addition, Brazil imported about US$171 billion and fell 24.3% over the same period, leading to a positive trade balance – about $19 billion. In November 2004, at a meeting between the Brazilian President and the Prime Minister of Canada, a joint statement was made to “negotiate” a commitment to promote Mercosur`s trade relationship with Canada through “negotiations to improve market access in goods, services and investments as part of the creation of a future free trade area for the United States (CCF). In February 2005, MERCOSUR and Canada held preliminary discussions at the first meeting of the Canada-MERCSOUR Trade and Investment Dialogue. Discussions continued in 2012 with Argentina, which was more open to the agreement, as it faced the real possibility of a 55% increase in trade with Canada. As Brazil`s President-elect, Jair Bolsonaro, takes office in January, many Canadian exporters are wondering what the election result means for Canadian trade. There is also an increasingly educated business class in Brazil, which are proactive in maintaining trade relations. International companies, including Canadian ones, see Brazil as a viable place to grow and invest.
Economic and trade statistics for Mercosur countries. For example, in 2015, Brazilian exports to Canada amounted to $2.362 billion, or up to 2.03% over 2014, and imports amounted to $2.421 billion, a decrease of 10.50%, resulting in a trade balance of $58 million in Canada. On the government side, the negotiations began with an exciting scenario of strengthening world trade, made possible by new free trade agreements. The most notable aspects of the plan are the objectives of strengthening Brazil`s position as a gateway to Latin America through inter-regional and intra-regional free trade agreements and a large number of new trade facilitation programs. On June 16, 1988, Canada attempted to enter into negotiations with Mercosur to develop regional and bilateral initiatives for an investment and trade agreement. Other plans have not advanced. “There have been no new negotiations since last year`s forest fire season in the Amazon. In all future negotiations on an investment chapter for a free trade agreement with Mercosur, Canada would reaffirm our right to regulate to achieve legitimate political objectives such as respect for indigenous peoples and environmental protection,” a spokeswoman for the office of Mary Ng, Minister of Small Business, International Trade and Export Promotion, said in an email. The potential benefits of a canada-Mercosur free trade agreement for key Canadian sectors. On February 23, 2018, Canada announced the positive conclusion of exploratory discussions on a comprehensive free trade agreement with MERCOSUR. On March 9, 2018, Canada and MERCOSUR agreed to begin negotiations for a comprehensive free trade agreement between Canada and MERCOSUR. Although Canada is a country with a strong domestic market, promising consumers and export operations account for the largest share of canada`s trade flows.